Map of Poland and surrounding countries
Poland and surrounding countries map. Map of Poland and surrounding countries (Eastern Europe - Europe) to print. Map of Poland and surrounding countries (Eastern Europe - Europe) to download. Poland Listeni/ˈpoʊlənd/ (Polish: Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska; Kashubian: Pòlskô Repùblika; Silesian: Polsko Republika), is a country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. During the Cold War, communist Poland had good relations with East Germany, but had strained relations with West Germany as its shown in the map of Poland and surrounding countries. After the fall of communism, Poland and the reunited Germany have had a mostly positive but occasionally strained relationship due to some political issues. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Germany has been a proponent of Poland participation in NATO and the European Union. The Polish-German border is 467 km long.
The Republic of Poland and the Czech Republic are both members of the European Union and NATO. Both joined the EU simultaneously on 1 May 2004. They also both joined NATO on 12 March 1999. Both countries, together with Slovakia and Hungary, form the Visegrád Group, which is an important regional group in Central Europe.Slovakia has an embassy in Warsaw and a general consulate in Kraków as its mentioned in the map of Poland and surrounding countries. Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union. Both countries share 539 km of common borders. Poland acceptance of the Schengen Agreement created problems with the Ukrainian border traffic. On July 1, 2009 an agreement on local border traffic between the two country came into effect. This agreement enables Ukrainian citizens living in border regions to cross the Polish frontier according to a liberalized procedure.
Poland was one of the first countries to recognise Belarusian independence. The authoritarian and anti-Western political course taken by the country of neighboring Belarus presents a huge problem for Polish foreign policy. The fall of communism in the years of 1989-1991 led to a formal reestablishment of relations by the Polish and Lithuanian states as you can see in the map of Poland and surrounding countries. Poland was highly supportive of the Lithuanian independence, and became one of the first countries to recognize independent Lithuania. In recent years, relations with Russia have worsened considerably. Poland responded with strong disapproval towards the 2008 Georgian Crisis, in which a military invasion of Georgia was led by Russia.